Friday, February 27, 2009



On the outskirts of Delhi, near the tomb of Khwaja Nizamuddin, there lived, some seventy years ago, a godly person in the house on top of the red gate of the historical building called Chaunsath Khamba. His name was Maulana Mohammad Ismail.

Maulana Mohammad Ismail.

The. ancestral home of Maulana Mohammad Ismail was in Jhanjhana in the district of Muzaffarnagar. But when, after the death of his (Ismail) first wife, he married again in the family of Mufti Ilahi Bakhsh Kandhlawi, who belonged to the same ancestry as him, he visited Kandhla frequently and it became a second home to him.

The family of Siddiqui Sheikhs of Jhanjhana and Kandhla had been known, for generations, for piety and learning, and was held in high esteem in the neighborhood. The lines of descent of Maulana Mohammad Ismail and Mufti Ilahi Bakhsh Become one, six generations upwards. with Molvi Mohammad Sharif. The lineage runs as follows: Maulana Mohammad Ismail, son of Ghulam Husain, son, of Hakim Karim Bakhsh, son of Hakim Ghulam Mohiuddin, son of Molvi Mohammad Sajid, son of Mofti Mohammed Faiz, son of Molvi Mohammad Sharif, son of Molvi Mohammad Ashraf, son of Sheikh Jamal Mohammad Shah, son of Sheikh Baban Shah, son of Sheikh Bahauddin Shah, son of Molvi Mohammad Sheikh, son of Sheikh Mohammad Fazil, son of Es Sheikh Qutub Shah.

Mufti Ilahi Bakhsh

Mufti Ilahi Bakhsh was among the most outstanding pupils of Shah Abdul Aziz. Besides being a distinguished teacher, author and legist, he was, also a Unani physician of a high order, and possessed a thorough knowledge of both the rational and traditional sciences. He had a great command over Arabic, Persian and Urdu poetry as well, as is borne out by his commentary of Banat Su’ad in which he has translated every line of Hazrat K’ab into Arabic, Persian and Urdu verse. He left behind about 40 books in Arabic and Persian of which Shiyamul Habib and Mathnaawi Maulana Rum Ka Takmial are more famous.

Mufti Ilahi Bakhsh had taken ba’it at the hand of Shah Abdul Aziz. A glowing proof of his sincerity and selflessness was that though he was a renowned spiritual mentor himself, on the death of Shah Abdul Aziz, he felt no hesitation in taking ba’it at the hand of the latter’s young deputy, Syed Ahmad Shaheed, who was about 28 years his junior in age, and in seeking guidance from him. Mufti Sahib was born in 1748, and died in 1831, at the age of 83 years. All his sons and grandsons were men of learning and position. Scholarship and religiousness have been the characteristics of this family Molvi Abul Hasan’s Mathnawi, Gulzar-i-Ibrahim, which forms a part of his well-known work, Bahr-i- Haqiqat, is a poem of rare spiritual feeling. Till recently, it was very popular. His son,Molvi Nurul Hasan, and all the four grandsons, Molvi Ziaul Hasan, Molvi Akbar, Molvi Sulaiman and Hakim Molvi Ibrahim, attained to fame as worthy representatives of their celebrated ancestors.

Maulana Muzaffar Husain

Mufti Saheb’s nephew, Maulana Muzaffar Husain, who was a most favorite pupil of Shah Is’haq and a deputy of Shah Mohammad Yaqub, and had, also, been favored with the company of Syed Ahmad Shaheed, was a very pious and godly person. He never touched anything that was of doubtful purity in the eyes of the Shariat. Incidents of his humility and prayer and fullness are still fresh in the memory of the people of the neighboring areas and serve as a reminder to the glorious days of the earliest decades of Islam.

The maternal grand-daughter of Maulana Muzaffar Husain was married to Maulana Mohammad Ismail. It was his second marriage which was solemnized on October 3 1868. Maulana Mohammad Ismail was the tutor of the children of Mirza Ilahi Bakhsh, who was related to Bahadur Shah Zafar the last of the Mughal Emperors. He lived, as we have seen. in the house on top of the red gate of Chaunsath Khamba. Close to it, was a small mosque with a tin shed in front which used to serve as the parlor of Mirza IlahiBakhsh, and, owing to it, it was called Bangle Wali Masjid.

The Maulana was spending his days in obscurity and even Mirza Ilahi Bakhsh had no idea of his high station till he had a personal experience of how the Maualna prayers were granted by God. Worship, Zikr (repeating the Names, praise and Attributes of the Lord), attending to the needs of the travelers and teaching the Quran giving instruction in the Faith were his sole occupation in life. He used to take down the load from the heads of the thirsty laborers who passed the way place it on the ground, draw water from the well and give it to them to drink, and, then, offer two Rak’ats of Salaat, expressing gratitude to the Lord that He had given him the opportunity to serve His bondsmen, though he did not deserve it. He had attained the state of Ihsan.
Once, as he requested Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi to teach him Sulook, the latter remarked, “You don’t need it. You have already attained the objective that is to be reached through this method. It is like a person who has read the Quran saying that he should, also, read the elementary text book of Arabic because he had not begun with it”.

The Maulana was very fond of the recitation of the Quran An old wish of his was that he went on grazing the goats and reciting the Quran. He was very particular about some member of his family keeping vigil in the night. His second son, Maulana Yahya, used to study till midnight, and, then the Maulana himself got up and Maulana Yahya went to bed, and for the last part of the night, he woke up his eldest son, Maulana Mohammad.

The Maulana never bore a grudge against anyone. His detachment with the world was so complete that it had made him attached to everybody. All the persons who came into contact with him were impressed by his piety, sincerity and selflessness. Leaders of the different warring groups of Delhi held him in the highest esteem, and put an equal trust in him, though they disliked each other so much that none of them was willing to offer Salaat behind the other.
The link with Mewat, too, was established in his lifetime. It is related that, once, he went out in the hope of finding a Muslim whom he could bring to the mosque and offer Salaat with him On meeting some Muslim laborers, he inquired from them where they were going.? “We are going in search of work”, they replied. “How much do you expect to earn?’ asked the Maulana. The laborers, thereupon, told him about the daily wages they, generally, received. “If you get the same here,” the Maulana asked, “What is the use of going elsewhere ” The laborers agreed and the Maulana took them to the mosque and began to teach the Salaat and the Quran. He would pay them their wages every day and keep them engaged in their lessons. In a few days, they developed the habit of offering up Salaat. Such was the beginning of the Madrassa of Bangle Wali Masjid, and these laborers were its first scholars. After it, about ten Mewati students always remained in the Madrassa and their meals used to come from the house of Mirza Ilahi Bakhsh.

Death of Maulana Mohammad Ismail

Maulana Mohammad Ismail died on :26th February, 1898 in Khajoor Wali Masjid at the Tiraha of Bahram in Delhi. The number of mourners, at his funeral, was so large that though long bamboo poles had been tied to the either side of the bier to enable them to lend a shoulder to it, many people did not get a chance during the entire route of three- and-a-half miles from Delhi to Nizamuddin.

Muslims belonging to various sects and schools of thought, who never got together, joined the procession. The Maulana’s second son, Maulana Mohammad Yahya, narrates that my elder brother, Maulana Mohammad, was a very soft-hearted person and had a most obliging nature. Fearing that he might invite someone to lead the funeral service behind whom people of another sect or group refused to offer the prayer, and, thus an unpleasant situation arose, I stepped forward and said that I would lead the service. Everyone then, offered the prayers peacefully and there was no dissent or commotion.

Owing to the vast concourse of men, the funeral service had to be held a number of times and the burial was delayed. During it, a venerable person and another man known for his spirituality had a vision that Maulana Mohammad Ismail was saying, “Send me off soon. I am feeling ashamed The Holy Prophet is waiting for me.

The Maulana had three sons: Maulana Mohammad from the first wife, and Maulana Mohammad Yahya and Maulana Mohammad Ilyas from the second, who was the maternal granddaughter of Maulana Muzaffar Husain The Maulana had married her after the death of his first wife.

Maulana Mohammed Ilyas

Maulana Mohammed Ilyas was born in 1885 His childhood was spent in maternal grandfather’s home in Kandhla, and with his father at Nizamuddin. In those days, the Kandhla family was the cradle of godliness and piety so much so that reports of the high religiosity nightly devotions and Zikr and Tilawat of its members, both male and female, would seem imaginary and fictitious to the faint-hearted men of our time.

The ladies used to recite the Quran themselves in the Nafl prayers as well listen to its Tarawih and other Nafl prayers. standing behind the male relatives The month of Ramadan, in particular, was the springtime for the Quran. It was read for long hours, almost in every home The limit of absorption was that, sometimes, the ladies forgot to pay attention to purdah and would not become aware of the coming of outsiders in the house at a time of urgent need.
The Quran with its translation and commentary in Urdu, and Mazaahir-i-Haq Mashariq ul Anwaar and His-i-Haseen formed the limit of the education of the ladies. Deeds and accomplishments of the families of Syed Ahmad Shaheed and Shah Abdul Aziz were the most popular themes of conversation, and facts regarding these illustrious men of God were on everybody’s lips. Instead of the stories of kings and fairies, ladies of the household related these to the children.

Ammi Bi Maulana Ilyas’s maternal grandmother

The Maulana’s maternal grandmother, Amtus Salam, who was the daughter of Maulana Muzaffar Husain and was known in the family as Ammi Bi, was a very pious lady. About her Salaat, the Maulana, once observed “I saw her likeness of Ammi Bi’s Salaat of Maulana Gangohi”

During the last phase of her life, Ammi Bi’s state was that she never asked for food and ate only when someone placed before her. It was a large family and there was always so much to do. If the thought of having her meal! did not occur to her in the midst of domestic chores, she simply went hungry. Once, someone said to her, “You are so old and weak. How do you manage to without food ?” “I draw sustenance from my Tasbihat (remembrance of Allah) was her repy”
Bi Safia, Maulana Ilyas’s mother.

The mother of Maulana Mohammad Ilyas, Bi Safia, had learnt the Quran by heart and attained great distinction in it. It was a regular practice with her to recite the whole of the Quran and additional ten Juze (part) every day during Ramadan. She, thus, completed forty recitals of the Quran in that month and was so fluent in it that her household duties did not suffer on account of it. See, generally, kept herself engaged in some work while doing the recitation. Apart from the month of Ramadan, her daily routine of worship included: DURUD Sharif, 5,000 times; Ism-i-Zaat Allah, 5,000 times; Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Rahim, 1,000 times, Yaa Mughnee-u 1,100 times, La illaaha illallaah, 1,200 times Yaa-Haiyyu, Ya Qaiyum 200 times, Hasbiallaah wa ni’mul Vakil, 500 times; Subhan Allah, 200 times; Alhamdu lillaah, 200 times; La ilaaha illallaah, 200 times; Allah O-Akbar, 200 times; Istighfar, 500 times; Ofwwizu amree illallaah, 100 times; Hasbunallaah wa ni’mul Vakil, 1000 times; Rabb-i in-ni maghloobun fantasir, 1,000 times: Rabb-i-inni masanni-az-zurru wa anla ar-hamur rahimeen, 100 times; Laa ilaaha enta subhanaka in-ni kunzu minaz-zalimeen, 100 times. In addition, she recited a Manzil (1/7) of the Quran everyday.

Like all other children in the family, the Maulana Ilyas began his education in the maktab, and, according to the family tradition, learnt the Quran by heart. The learning of the Quran was so common in the family. that in the one-and-a-half row of worshippers in the family mosque, there was not a single non Hafiz except the Muezzin. Maulana Mohammad Ilyas was Ammi Bi’s favorite child. She used to say; to him. “Ilyas, I feel the aroma of the holy Companions in you. ” Sometimes, placing her hand on his back, she would say, “How is it that I see figures resembling the holy Companions moving along with you?

From his childhood, there was present in Maulana Mohammad Ilyas a touch of the religious ardour and fervent feeling of the blessed Companions which had led Shaikhul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hasan to remark that “when I see Mohammad Ilyas, I am reminded of the holy Companions. Eagerness and enthusiasm for Faith were ingrained in his nature. Even in his early days, he, sometimes, did things which were much above the common level of the children. Riazul Islam Kandhlawi, a class fellow of his in .he Maktab, says that “when we were reading in the Maktab, he, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas, once, came with a stick and said, “Comes Riazul Islam, let us do Jihaad against those who do not offer up Salaat

Stay at Gangoh

In 1893, his elder brother, Mohammad Yahya, went to live at Gangoh with Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi. Maulana Mohammad Ilyas used to live with his father at Nizamuddin, and, sometimes, with his maternal grand-father’s family at Kandhla. At Nizamuddin, his education was being neglected owing to the over- fondness of his father and his own excessive occupation with prayers. Maulana Yahya, thus, requested his father that as the education of Mohammad Ilyas was suffering, he might be allowed to take him to Gangoh. The father agreed - and Maulana Mohammad Ilyas came to Gangoh in 1896 or early 1897 where Mohammad Yahya began to teach him regularly.

Gangoh, in those days, was the seat of Sufi-saints and savants, the benefit of whose company was constantly available to Maulana Mohammad Ilyas. A greater part of his impression able age was spent there. When he went to live at Gangoh, he was 10 or 11 years old, and at the time of Maulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi death, in 1905, he was a young man of about 20. Thus, he stayed with Maulana Gangohi for about 9 years.

Maulana Mohammad Yahya was an ideal teacher and benefactor. He wanted his brother to derive the utmost advantage from the society of those illustrious men. Maulana Mohammad Ilyas used to tell that when the Ulema who had been the favorite pupils or disciples of Maulana Gangohi came to Gangoh, his brother would, often, stop the lessons and say that his education, then, lay in sitting with them and listening to their conversation.

Usually, Maulana Gangohi did not take bait from children and students. It was only when they had completed their education that he allowed them to take the pledge. But owing to the exceptional merit of Maulana Mohammad Ilyas, he, at his request, permitted him to do the bait at his hand.

Maulana Mohammad Ilyas had been born with a loving heart. Such a strong attachment did he develop for Maulana Gangohi that he felt no peace without him. He would, often, get up in the night, go and see the Maulana’s face, and return to his bed. Maulana Gangohi, too, had a great affection for him. once, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas told his brother of severe headache after which he could not bend his head even to the extent of performing the Sajdah on a pillow for months. Maulana Gangohi son, Hakim Masud Ahmad, who was his physician, had a peculiar method of treatment. In certain diseases, he forbade the use of water for a long time which was :unbearable to most of the patients. But with the strength of mind that was so characteristic of him, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas abided strictly by the advice of his physician and abstained from drinking water for full seven years, and, during the next five years, he drank it only sparingly.

There was little hope that he would be to resume his education after the discontinuation owing to illness. He was very keen to take it up again, but his well-wishers would not allow. One day, as Maulana Mohammad Yahya said to him what he would, in any case, do by studying, he retorted, “What will I do by living?” Ultimately, he succeeded in resuming his studies.
The death of Maulana Gangohi occurred in 1905. Maulana Mohammed Ilyas who was at his bedside during the dying moments and reciting the Sura of Ya-Sin, was so deeply affected by it that he used, often, to say, “Two shocks have been most painful to me. One was of the death of my father, and the other, of the death of Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi. ” In 1908, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas went to Deoband where he studied Tirmizi and Sahih Bukhari from Maulana Mahmood Hasan. The latter advised him to approach Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri for spiritual guidance and instruction, since his mentor, Maulana Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi, was no more, and, thus, he completed the various stages of Sulook under Maulana Saharanpuri’s supervision.

Absorption in prayers

During his stay at Gangoh, after the death of Maulana Gangohi, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas, generally, remained silent and spent most of his time in meditation. Says Maulana Mohammad Zakaria, “We read elementary Persian from him those days. His practice, then, was that he sat cross legged, and in utter silence, on a coarse mat behind the tomb of Shah Abdul Quddus. We presented ourselves for the lesson, opened the book, and placed it before him, indicating with the finger where we were to begin from on that day. We would read aloud and translate the Persian verses. When we made a mistake, he would shut the book with a movement of the finger, and the lesson came to an end. It meant that we were to go back, prepare the lesson thoroughly, and, then, come again . . . …………….. He used to offer Nafl prayers much and often at that time. From Maghrib till a little before Isha, he devoted himself exclusively to Nawafil. His age, then, was between 20 and 25 years.

Ardor and eagerness

Ardor and eagerness, without which no real success is possible in any field, were deeply rooted in him. It was by sheer determination and earnestness that he accomplished what he did in spite of persistent ill-health. One day, during his last illness, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas related that “once I was so ill and feeling so weak that I could not go down the stairs. All of a sudden, I heard that Maulana Saharanpuri had come to Delhi and I was so excited that I left for Delhi immediately on foot and forgot all about my illness and exhaustion. It was in the way that I remembered I was sick.

Contact with other spiritual mentors

Regular contact with other spiritual mentors and disciples of Maulana Gangohi was maintained during those days. About Shah Abdur Rahim Raipuri and Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi he used to say that they abided in his heart. They, too, had a great regard and affection for him owing to his extraordinary qualities.

Spirit of Jehad

Together with Zikr, Saga (spiritual exercises and exertions) Nawafil and Ibadaat, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas was, also, infused with the spirit of Jehad. Throughout his life, he was never without it, and had, in fact, taken the pledge of Jehad at the hand of Maulana Mahmood Hasan for that very reason.

Estimation in the eyes of elders

From his early days, he was held in the highest esteem by the elders of the family as well as the spiritual leaders of the day. Maulana Mohammad Yahya was like a father to him, yet the former’s attitude towards his younger brother was like that of the sacred Prophet towards Hazrat Usman Indifferent health prevented him from taking part in duties involving physical labor. He concentrated wholly on his studies, and on Zikr, and other forms of worship. Maulana Mohammad Yahya, on the contrary, was a very industrious person. He owned a bookshop which he managed with great care. It was not only his source of livelihood, but of his brothers as well. One day, the manager of the shop said that Maulana Mohammad Ilyas did not take any interest in the business which was not good for him, too, benefited from it. When Maulana Mohammad Yahya heard of it, he was very angry and remarked that “a Tradition has it that the sustenance that reaches you and the help you receive from the Lord is due to the blessedness of the weaker ones among you. I believe that I am receiving my sustenance owing to the good fortune of this child. Nothing should be said to him in future. If there is anything to say, it should be said to me.

Sometimes, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas was asked to lead the service in the presence of renowned theologians and spiritual leaders. Once Shah Abdur Rahim Raipuri, Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri and Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi happened to be in Kandhla. When the time for Salaat came and Maulana Mohammad Ilyas was asked to lead it, a senior member of the family, Molvi Badrul Hasan, humorously remarked that “such a small engine has been fastened to so many big carriages.” “It depends on the power (not the size of the engine”, replied one of them.

Career with a teacher in Mazaahirul Uloom

In 1910, a large number of men, including most of the senior teachers of the Madrassa of Mazaahirul Uloom, left for the Haj from Saharanpur. It necessitated the recruitment of new teachers for the Madrassa, Maulana Mohammad Ilyas being one of them. He was given the secondary books to teach. On the return of the senior teachers from the Pilgrimage, all the new entrants were relieved of their duties, but the services of Maulana Mohammad Ilyas were retained.

At Mazaahirul Uloom, the Maulana had to teach some books which he had not read himself as, in Maulana Mohammad Yahya’s scheme of instruction, it was not customary to complete the books, and Maulana Mohammad Ilyas, further, had to miss some secondary books owing to ill-health. During his teaching days, he tried hard to make up for the deficiency and prepared his lectures carefully. For instance, for teaching Kinzul Daqa’iq, he studied Bahr-ur-Ra’iq, Shaami and Hadaya, and consulted even Hisami’s notes and comments when he taught Nurul Anawaar.

The Maulana married the daughter of his maternal uncle, Maulana Rauful Hasans on Friday, October 17, 1912 was performed by Maulana Mohammad, and Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri, Shah Abdur Rahim Raipuri an Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi, all the three of them, attended the ceremony. Maulana Thanwi’s celebrated sermon, Fuwayid us Suhbat, which has subsequently been published times without number, was delivered on that occasion.

First Haj

In 1915, Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri and Maulana Mahmood Hasan, decided lo go on the Haj Pilgrimage. When Maulana Mohammad Ilyas came to know of it, he was strongly seized with the desire to perform the Haj. He felt that it would become dark and gloomy in India with their departure and he would not be able to live in Saharanpur any more. But there was the question of permission. As his sister, the wife of Molvi Ikrarnul Hasan, saw his distress, she offered her ornaments to meet the expenses of the Pilgrimage. Contrary to expectations, the Maulana’s mother gave her consent. after which Maulana Mohammad Yahya, also, agreed. The Maulana, then, wrote to Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri asking for his permission, and explained that as far as she wherewithal for the journey was concerned, three courses were open to him. He could take his sister’s ornaments or borrow the amount or accept the offers of money made by certain relatives. Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri preferred the third course. Maulana Mohammad Ilyas was fortunate enough to travel by the same boat as Maulana Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri. He sailed in August, 1914 , and returned in February, 1915, to resume the teaching at the Madrassa.

Death of Maulana Mohammad Yahya

The death of Maulana Mohammad Yahya, on Wednesday, the 9th of August, 1915, was an extremely sad and frustrating event for the Maulana. In addition to being a most affectionate brother, he was, also, his teacher and benefactor. He could not get over the shock till the end of his days. He used to get lost in thought and a peculiar kind of abstraction took possession of him when he talked about his brother.

The Six Qualities of Sahabah

The Sahabah Radiallahu anhum had many good qualities.

Our elders have extracted six such qualities which if we bring into our lives, then to follow the rest of Deen will be easy.

The first quality was the quality of Iman. The kalima Lailaha Illallah Muhammadur Rasulullah, means that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and Muhammed Sallallahu alaihi wasallam is the messenger of Allah. The Sahaba Radiallahu anhum strove in the path of Allah to strengthen their yaqeen that Allah Ta’ala does everything without the help of the creation, and the creation can do nothing without the help of Allah Ta’ala. They also strengthened their yaqeen that ONLY in following the life style of Nabi Karim Sallallahu alaihi wasallam will a person be successful. All other ways of life will bring failure to a person not only in this world but also in the grave and the hereafter. This kalima is so valuable that if a person recites it 100 times a day, his face will shine like the 14th moon. A person who revives one sunnah of Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam during the time of fitnah and fasad, will get the reward of 100 shaheeds. A shaheed is that person who fought in the path of Allah Ta’ala, and before his first drop of blood touches the ground, all his sins are forgiven. To obtain the reality of this kalima, a person must daily invite towards this kalima and he must also make doa that Allah Ta’ala places the haqiqat (reality) of this kalima into our hearts.

The second quality which the Sahaba possessed was the quality of salaah. The first and foremost thing ordained by Allah Ta’ala after Iman was salaah, and the first thing to be reckoned for on the day of Qiyamah will be salaah. Salaah is a means by which a person comes closer to Allah Ta’ala, and also a means of taking from the treasures of Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala will grant a person in the habit of performing his salaah on time with concentration and devotion, five favours: His rizq (sustenance) will be made easy. He will be safe from the punishment of the grave. He will receive his book of deeds in his right hand. He will cross the bridge of siraat with the speed of lightning. He will enter Jannah without any reckoning. To acquire concentration in salaah, a person must perform long rakaats of nafil salaah.

It is obligatory on every male and female to acquire the basic knowledge of Deen. One should know what is halaal and what is haraam, and must be able to distinguish between right and wrong. If a person who is ignorant and is in the process of learning Deen has to pass away, his status will be just one below the Ambiyaa Alaihimus Salaam. The angels spread their wings under the feet of a person seeking the knowledge of Deen. The animals in the jungle, the birds in the air and the fish in the sea make doa of forgiveness for him. For the fazaail [virtues] one must participate in the taalim of the masjid and one must also make taalim at home. For the masaail we should ask the Ulama. All the creation of Allah make the zikr of Allah. Man who is the best of creation must also make the zikr of Allah. The one who makes the zikr of Allah is like a living person and the one who does not make the zikr of Allah is like a dead person. Zikr creates the consciousness of Allah, that Allah is all- seeing and al- hearing. A person who remembers Allah after Fajr salaah and after Asr salaah is like a person who makes zikr of Allah all day long. Make a habit of reciting the third kalima, durood shareef and istighfaar 100 times each after the Fajr and Asr salaah. Read a portion of the Quran and the doas on the relevant occasions.

A person who fulfills the need of a Muslim brother, Allah Ta’ala will grant him 73 rewards. 72 will be kept in the aakhirah, and with the one reward, Allah will fulfil all his needs of the world. We must respect the elders and the Ulama and be kind to the youth. The best ikraam one can do for a person during the time of fitnah and fasaad is to guide him onto the right path.

For every act, one must check one’s intention, that it is only for the pleasure of Allah. A date given in the path of Allah for the pleasure of Allah will earn great rewards in the hereafter. On the other hand if a person gave a great sum of money for the sake of show, then he will be taken to task on the day of Qiyaamah. We must check our intentions in the beginning, in the middle and at the end of every act, thereafter make istighfaar for any shortcoming in our intentions.

The Sahaba Radiallahu anhum strove in the path of Allah Ta’ala to elevate the name of Allah. To uphold the Deen of Allah, they went through great difficulties. Some of them made their wives widows and their children orphans. There were days when some of the Sahaba had no food in their homes. During the battle of the trench, a Sahabi told Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam that he was hungry for the past three days. He uncovered his stomach to show that he had a stone fastened on his stomach to keep his back upright. Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam felt sorry and told him that he was also hungry for the last three or four days. Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam showed him his stomach and told him to observe that he had two stones fastened on his belly. Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam and the Sahaba Radiallahu anhum watered the garden of Islam with their blood. Today our elders want us to sacrifice only a little of our sweat in the path of Allah. Alhamdulillah with the effort of jamaat, extemely great changes are occuring throughout the world. Hence, let us also give some time in the path of Allah to bring Deen into our lives and into the lives of the whole of mankind till the day of Qiyaamah.

Jangan Percaya!

Jangan percaya pada hati kerana hati sering keliru,
Jangan percaya pada nafsu kerana nafsu selalu terburu-buru,
Jangan percaya pada akal kerana akal kadangkala tertipu,
Jangan percaya pada syaitan kerana syaitan suka menipu,

Jangan percaya pada dunia kerana dunia suka bergurau senda,
Jangan percaya pada harta kerana harta itu binatang berbisa,

Lidah manusia tidak bertulang,
Mata manusia diliputi hijab,
Akal manusia sangat terbatas,
Janji manusia sekadar pelepas,
Nafsu manusia yang suka melampias,
Akhirnya diri yang terbabas.

Percayalah pada janji Allah,
Yakinlah pada kata-kata Rasulullah,
Berpegang teguhlah dengan Kitab Allah,
Berimanlah dengan Malaikat yang amanah,
Redhalah dengan qada dan qadar Allah,
Qiamat itu pasti, Jahannam ataupun Jannah.

Sunday, December 30, 2007

sahabatku...buah hatiku..

sahabatku...buah hatiku..
mesra kami penawar duka..
rajuk kami membuah ceria..
silaturrahim kami ukhwah fillah..
bermusuh kami na'uzubillah..
berpisah mati insyaAllah...
pengubat hati doa rabtah..
rahmati kami meniti usia..
terpisah kami di alam nyata..
temukan semula di taman syurga..

Flower and River

if you love someone like a flower,
the flower will dies in season...
if you love someone a river,
the river will flows forever...

if you love something
you must to set it free
if it come back to you..
it is yours to keep it..
if it doesn't
it is never meant to be....


hati itu umpama tasik..
pancaindera itu umpama sungai-sungai kecil yang mengalir masuk ke dalam tasik itu
seandainya sungai-sungai itu membawa madu,maka tasik itu akan dipenuhi dengan madu...
seandainya sungai-sungai itu membawa susu,maka tasik itu akan dipenuhi dengan susu...


seandainya sungai-sungai itu membawa sampah,maka tasik itu akan dipenuhi dengan sampah...
seandainya sungai-sungai itu membawa darah,maka tasik itu akan dipenuhi dengan darah...
apa-apa yang dialirkan oleh sungai-sungai itu,maka itulah yang memenuhi tasik itu..


gunakanlah mata kamu untuk melihat kebesaran Allah
gunakanlah lidah kamu untuk bercakap tentang kebesaran Allah
gunakanlah telinga kamu untuk mendengar tentang kebesaran Allah
gunakanlah tangan kamu untuk merasa kebesaran Allah
gunakanlah akal kamu untuk memikirkan kebesaran Allah

mudah-mudahan kebesaran Allah masuk ke dalam hati kamu
dan menyingkirkan kebesaran makhluk yang telah bersarang dalam hati sekian lama

jangan kamu kata kamu mencintai Allah selagi ada makhluk di hati kamu walau sebesar zarah
jangan kamu kata kamu mencintai Allah selagi ada yang lain lebih kamu cintai selain Allah
jangan kamu kata kamu mencintai Allah selagi kamu tidak bermujahadah
jangan kamu kata kamu mencintai Allah selagi kamu tidak tahu maksud makrifatullah

bila ikut tariqat sunnah
barulah namanya mujahadah
barulah diri akan diislah
barulah faham mafhum kalimah

perjalanan paling jauh ialah dari lidah ke hati
sejauh perjalanan sungai-sungai ke tasik itu
lidahku berbicara tentang kebesaranMU
entah bila akan sampai ke ruang hatiku........

akhir kalam,


5.52PM waktu tempatan,
Taman Tun Dr Ismail,KL

Saidina Ali Abi Talib

Saidina Ali Abi Talib ialah khalifah keempat Islam daripada Khulafa al-Rasyidin. Beliau juga ialah sepupu dan menantu Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. selepas mengahwini anak perempuan Rasulullah s.a.w. iaitu Fatimah.

Kehidupan Awal:
Saidina Ali dilahirkan di Makkah pada tahun 598. Golongan Syiah percaya bahawa Saidina Ali dilahirkan di dalam Kaabah, tempat paling suci bagi orang Islam. Bapa Saidina Ali, Abu Talib ialah ahli puak Quraish dan juga ialah bapa saudara Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.. Semasa Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. menjadi yatim dan kemudiannya dibela oleh datuknya yang kemudiannya meninggal dunia, Abu Talib menjaga Rasulullah s.a.w. Saidina Ali dan Nabi Muhammad yang merupakan sepupu dibesarkan seperti adik-beradik. Semasa Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. menerima wahyu daripada Allah s.w.t., Saidina Ali merupakan kanak-kanak pertama memeluk Islam.

Saidina Ali sentiasa menyokong Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. semasa kezaliman terhadap orang Muslim berlaku. Pada tahun 622 masihi, semasa peristiwa hijrah berlaku, Saidina Ali mengambil risiko dengan tidur di katil Rasulullah s.a.w. lantas berjaya mengelakkan satu percubaan membunuh.

Saidina Ali di Madinah:
Semasa berlakunya Perang Badar, Saidina Ali menumpaskan seorang jaguh Quraish iaitu Walid ibni Utba di samping askar-askar Makkah yang lain. Selepas itu beliau mengahwini Fatimah az-Zahra, anak Rasulullah s.a.w.

Sepanjang sepuluh tahun Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. mengetuai penduduk Madinah, Saidina Ali senantiasa menolong dan membantu baginda demi kemajuan umat Islam.

Kewafatan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. (632M):
Selepas wafatnya Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. pada tahun 632 masihi, Saidina Abu Bakar dilantik menjadi khalifah pertama umat Islam. Adalah dikatakan bahawa Saidina Ali hanya menerima Saidina Abu Bakar enam bulan selepas Saidina Abu Bakar dilantik. Hal ini masih samar-samar.

Golongan Syiah percaya memandangkan Saidina Ali merupakan menantu dan sepupu kepada Rasulullah s.a.w. maka beliaulah yang seharusnya dilantik menjadi khalifah. Ahli Sunah Waljamaah pula percaya perlantikan Saidina Abu Bakar merupakan sesuatu yang tepat sekali.

Menjadi khalifah ke-4:
Pada tahun 656 masihi, khalifah ketiga Islam iaitu Saidina Uthman Affan wafat kerana dibunuh di dalam rumahnya sendiri. Segelintir masyarakat kemudiannya mencadangkan Saidina Ali supaya menjadi khalifah tetapi Saidina Ali menolak. Tetapi selepas didesak oleh pengikutnya, beliau akhirnya menerima untuk menjadi khalifah.

Pentadbiran Saidina Ali:
Perkara pertama beliau lakukan selepas dilantik menjadi khalifah ialah dengan menghapuskan pemberontakan yang ketuai oleh isteri Rasulullah iaitu Ummul Mukminin Saidatina Aisyah, dan dua orang sahabat Nabi iaitu Talhah ibn Ubaidillah dan Zubair ibn Awwam. Pemberontakan itu berjaya ditumpaskan oleh Saidina Ali dalam Perang Jamal (juga dikenali sebagai Perang Unta). Dalam peperangan ini, Talhah dan Zubair terkorban manakala Saidatina Aisyah kembali ke Madinah.

Selepas itu, Saidina Ali melantik gabenor-gabenor baru bagi menggantikan pentadbir-pentadbir yang dilantik oleh Saidina Uthman. Saidina Ali memindahkan pusat pentadbiran Islam daripada Madinah ke Kufah, Iraq. Kota Damsyik, Syria pula ditadbir oleh Muawiyah, Gabebor Syria dan saudara Saidina Uthman. Muawiyah telah dilantik sebagai Gabenor pada masa pemerintahan Saidina Umar lagi.

Muawiyah, yang menyimpan cita-cita politik yang besar, berpendapat bahawa siasatan berkenaan dengan pembunuhan Saidina Uthman adalah merupakan keutamaan bagi negara ketika itu dan beliau ingin mengetahui siapakah pembunuh Saidina Uthman dan pembunuh tersebut mestilah dihukum qisas. Bagi Saidina Ali, beliau berpendapat keadaan dalam negara hendaklah diamankan terlebih dahulu dengan seluruh penduduk berbaiah kepadanya sebelum beliau menyiasat kes pembunuhan Saidina Uthman. Muawiyah kemudiannnya menyatakan rasa kesal dengan kelambatan Saidina Ali menyiasat kematian Saidina Uthman, lalu melancarkan serangan ke atas Saidina Ali. Akhirnya terjadilah Perang Siffin di antara Muawiyah dan Saidina Ali. Di dalam peperangan ini antara para sahabat yang terlibat adalah Amru ibn Al Ash, Ammar ibn Yasir, Abdullah ibn Amru Al Ash, Abdullah ibn Abbas.

Ada di antara para sahabat bersikap berkecuali di dalam hal ini. Antaranya adalah Abdullah ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Maslamah, Saad ibn Abi Waqqas, Usamah ibn Zaid.

Saidina Uthman bin Al-Affan

Uthman bin Affan merupakan salah seorang sahabat Nabi Muhammad S.A.W. Ketika beliau menjadi khalifah, berlaku pertelingkahan dikalangan umat Islam mengenai cara bacaan Al-Quran. Disebabkan oleh itu Uthman bin Affan telah meminjam suhuf, (kumpulan penulisan Al-Quran daripada Hafsa. Selepas itu Uthman bin Affan telah memerintahkan empat orang sahabat untuk menyalin semula Al-Quran dalam bentuk yang sempurna yang dikenali sebagai Mushaf Uthman. Salinan Mushaf Uthman tersebut dihantar keseluruh pusat jajahan bagi mengantikan salinan-salinan yang lain.

Biografi Saidina Uthman dilahirkan di dalam sebuah keluarga Quraish yang kaya di Makkah beberapa tahun selepas kelahiran Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.. Dia ialah salah seorang daripada orang yang pertama sekali memeluk Islam dan amat dikenali kerana sifat dermawannya kepada orang yang susah. Beliau juga berhijrah ke Habshah dan kemudian penghijrahan dari Makkah ke Madinah.

Perkembangan Islam semasa Pemerintahan Saidina Uthman
Saidina Uthman menjadi khalifah selepas Saidina Umar Al-Khatab dibunuh pada tahun 644. Beliau memerintah selama dua belas tahun iaitu dari tahun 644 sehingga tahun 656. Semasa pemerintahannya, keseluruhan Iran, sebahagian daripada Afrika Utara, dan Cyprus menjadi sebahagian daripada empayar Islam. Adalah dikatakan bahawa Saidina Umar melantik saudaranya sebagai pentadbir jajahan baru Islam. Enam tahun pertama pemerintahannya dianggap aman manakala enam tahun terakhir pula dianggap keadaan huru-hara. Beliau juga berjaya menghabiskan usaha pengumpulan Al Quran yang dimulakan oleh Saidina Abu Bakar (khalifah pertama Islam).

Pandangan ahli Sunah mengenai Saidina Uthman
Menurut pandangan ahli Sunah Waljamaah, dia mengahwini dua orang puteri Rasulullah s.a.w. dalam masa yang berbeza. Saidina Uthman Radhiallahu An'hu juga telah dijanjikan syurga.

Pandangan Syiah mengenai Saidina Uthman
Golongan Syiah percaya bahawa Saidina Ali Abi Talib yang sepatutnya menjadi khalifah memandangkan beliau ialah sepupu dan menantu Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.. Mereka percaya bahawa Saidina Uthman tamak dan mementingkan saudara sendiri dalam melantik pentadbir baru tanah jajahan Islam.

Saidina Umar ibni al-Khattab

Saidina Umar ibni al-Khattab (c. 581 - November, 644), kadang-kadang dipanggil juga sebagai Umar Farooq ataupun Omar atau Umar ialah daripada Bani Adi iaitu salah satu golongan puak Quraish. Dia menjadi khalifah kedua Islam (633-644) dan merupakan salah satu khalifah di dalam Khulafa al-Rasyidun
Kehidupan awalSaidina Umar dilahirkan di Makkah. Beliau dikatakan terdiri daripada golongan kelas pertengahan. Beliau juga berilmu iaitu merupakan perkara yang amat jarang pada masa tersebut dan juga merupakan seorang pejuang dan wira yang gagah dan terkenal kerana kegagahannya.

Selepas pengislamannya, beliau melahirkan rasa kesalnya terhadap peristiwa penanaman anak perempuannya secara hidup-hidup dahulu (perkara seperti ini ialah fenomena biasa di Tanah Arab sebelum kedatangan Islam).

Memeluk IslamSemasa Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. mula menyebarkan Islam secara terang-terangan, Saidina Umar mempertahankan ajaran tradisi masyarakat Quraish. Saidina Umar ialah antara orang yang paling kuat menentang Islam pada masa itu.

Menurut ahli sejarah Islam, semasa Saidina Umar dalam perjalanan untuk membunuh Rasulullah s.a.w., beliau bertembung dengan seseorang yang mengatakan bahawa beliau haruslah membunuh adik perempuannya dahulu memandangkan adiknya telah memeluk Islam.

Saidina Umar pergi ke rumah adiknya dan mendapati adiknya sedang membaca Al Quran. Dalam keadaan yang marah dan kecewa beliau memukul adiknya. Apabila melihat adiknya berdarah, beliau meminta maaf dan sebagai balasan beliau akan membaca secebis ayat Al Quran kepada adiknya. Beliau berasa terharu apabila mendengar ayat-ayat Al Quran yang begitu indah sehinggakan beliau memeluk Islam pada hari itu juga.

Selepas peristiwa terbabit, beliau berjanji akan melindungi Islam sehingga ke titisan darah terkahir.

Saidina Umar di MadinahSaidina umar merupakan antara individu yang berhijrah ke Yathrib (kemudiannya dikenali sebagai Madinah). Dia merupakan salah seorang daripada Sahabat Rasulullah s.a.w..

Pada tahun 625, anak perempuan Saidina Umar iaitu Hafsa mengahwini Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.

Kewafatan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. wafat pada tahun 632 masihi. Saidina Umar dikatakan amat sedih dengan kewafatan Rasulullah s.a.w. sehinggakan beliau sanggup membunuh sesiapa sahaja yang mengatakan bahawa Rasulullah s.a.w. telah wafat. Beliau kemudiannya kembali tenang selepas Saidina Abu Bakar (khalifah pertama umat Islam) berucap "Sesiapa yang menyembah Muhammad ketahuilah bahawa baginda telah wafat, tetapi sesiapa yang menyembah Allah s.w.t., ketahuilah bahawa Allah itu hidup dan tidak akan mati." Saidina Abu Bakar kemudiannya membaca beberapa keping ayat Al Quran untuk mententeramkan umat Islam.

Saidina Abu Bakar dengan sokongan Saidina Umar menjadi khalifah pertama umat Islam. Semasa pemerintahan singkat Saidina Abu Bakar, Saidina Umar merupakan penasihat Saidina Abu Bakar. Saidina Abu Bakar mencalonkan Saidina Umar sebagai penggantinya sebelum kematiannya pada tahun 634 masihi. Dengan itu Saidina Umar menjadi khalifah kedua umat Islam.

Pemerintahan Saidina UmarSemasa pemerintah Saidina Umar, empayar Islam berkembang dengan pesat; menawan Mesopotamia dan sebahagian kawasan Parsi daripada Empayar Parsi (berjaya menamatkan Empayar Parsi), dan menawan Mesir, Palestin, Syria, Afrika Utara, dan Armenia daripada Byzantine (Rom Timur). Ada diantara pertempuran ini menunjukkan ketangkasan tentera Islam seperti Perang Yarmuk yang menyaksikan tentera Islam yang berjumlah 40,000 orang menumpaskan tentera Byzantine yang berjumlah 120,000 orang. Hal ini mengakhiri pemerintahan Byzantine di selatan Asia Kecil.

Pada tahun 637, selepas pengempungan Baitulmuqaddis yang agak lama, tentera Islam berjaya menakluk kota tersebut. Paderi besar Baitulmuqaddis iaitu Sophronius menyerahkan kunci kota itu kepada Saidina Umar. Beliau kemudiannya mengajak Saidina Umar supaya bersembahyang di dalam gereja besar Kristian iaitu gereja Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Saidina Umar menolak dan sebaliknya menunaikan solat tidak beberapa jauh daripada gereja tersebut kerana tidak ingin mencemarkan status gereja tersebut sebagai pusat keagamaan Kristian. 50 tahun kemudian, sebuah masjid yang digelar Masjid Umar dibina di tempat Saidina Umar menunaikan solat.

Saidina Umar banyak melakukan reformasi terhadap sistem pemerintahan Islam seperti menubuhkan pentadbiran baru di kawasan yang baru ditakluk dan melantik panglima-panglima perang yang berkebolehan. Semasa pemerintahannya juga kota Basra dan Kufah dibina.

Saidina Umar juga amat dikenali kerana kehidupannya yang sederhana.

Wafatnya Saidina UmarSaidina Umar wafat pada tahun 644 selepas dibunuh oleh seorang hamba Parsi yang bernama Abu Lu'lu'ah. Abu Lu'lu'ah menikam Saidina Umar kerana menyimpan dendam terhadap Saidina Umar. Dia menikam Saidina Umar sebanyak enam kali sewaktu Saidina Umar menjadi imam di Masjid al-Nabawi, Madinah.

Saidina Umar meninggal dunia dua hari kemudian dan dikebumikan di sebelah makam Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. dan makam Saidina Abu Bakar. Saidina Uthman Affan dilantik menjadi khalifah selepas kematiannya..


Saidina Abu Bakar as-Siddiq

Abu Bakar as-Siddiq ialah khalifah pertama orang Muslim dari tahun 632-634. Beliau pada awalnya digelar Abdul Kaabah (hamba Kaabah) tetapi selepas pengislamannya, beliau menukar namanya kepada Abdullah. Namun beliau selalu digelar Abu Bakar (daripada perkataan Arab Bakar yang bermaksud unta muda) kerana beliau amat gemar membiak unta. Beliau amat terkenal dengan gelaran As-Siddiq (yang membenarkan). Nama sebenar beliau ialah Abdullah ibni Abi Quhaafah.
Kehidupan AwalSaidina Abu Bakar As-Siddiq merupakan sahabat Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. yang paling rapat sekali. Semasa Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. berhijrah dari Makkah ke Madinah pada tahun 622, hanya beliau seorang yang mengikuti Rasulullah s.a.w. tanpa ditemani oleh orang lain. Rasulullah S.A.W mengahwini anak perempuan beliau iaitu Saidatina Aishah tidak lama selepas penghijrahan ke Madinah berlaku. Pernah menjadi kaya, dia juga dikenangi kerana jasanya membebaskan beberapa hamba yang beragama Islam daripada tuan mereka yang kafir termasuklah Bilal Bin Rabah. Belia juga merupakan salah seorang Muslim yang pertama sekali memeluk Islam.

Menjadi Khalifah PertamaSemasa Rasulullah s.a.w. sedang sakit tenat, baginda mengarahkan supaya Saidina Abu Bakar mengimamkan solat orang Islam. Selepas kewafatan Nabi Muhammad s.a.w., sebuah majlis yang dihadiri oleh golongan Ansar dan Muhajirin ditubuhkan untuk melantik seorang khalifah bagi memimpin umat Islam. Hasil daripada perjumpaan itu, Saidina Abu Bakar dilantik dan menjadi khalifah pertama umat Islam.

Perlantikan Saidina Abu Bakar mendapat tentangan daripada beberapa orang yang ingin melantik Saidina Ali Abi Talib sebagai khalifah kerana Saidina Ali merupakan menantu dan anak saudara Rasulullah s.a.w. Golongan Syiah yang merupakan golongan daripada keluarga Bani Hashim menentang perlantikan Saidina Abu Bakar. Tentangan itu tamat selepas Saidina Ali Abi Talib membaiatkan Saidina Abu Bakar. Ada pendapat mengatakan bahawa Saidina Ali Abi Talib hanya membaiatkan Saidina Abu Bakar selepas enam bulan.

Perang RiddahMasalah mula timbul apabila Saidina Abu Bakar dilantik menjadi khalifah. Masalah ini mengugat kestabilan dan keamanan kerajaan Islam. Banyak puak-puak Arab memberontak dan menentang khalifah. Sesetengah daripada mereka enggan membayar zakat manakala ada pula yang kembali kepada menyembah berhala dan mengikut tradisi lama mereka. Puak-puak ini mendakwa bahawa mereka hanya menurut perintah Rasulullah s.a.w. dan memandangkan Rasulullah s.a.w. telah wafat maka mereka tidak perlu lagi mengikut ajaran Islam dan mereka telah bebas.

Saidina Abu Bakar menegaskan bahawa mereka bukan sahaja menyatakan taat sembah kepada seorang pemimpin malah mereka kini tergolong dalam golongan Muslim. Ada diantara mereka mendakwa bahawa mereka ialah nabi dan rasul. Bagi menumpaskan penghinaan dan perbuatan murtad ini maka Saidina Abu Bakar melancarkan perang terhadap golongan yang digelar golongan Riddah. Hal ini merupakan permulaan Perang Riddah. Antara orang yang mengaku menjadi nabi ialah Musailimah. Khalid Al-Walid berjaya menumpaskan Musailimah dalam suatu pertempuran.

Ekspedisi ke UtaraSelepas berjaya mengurangkan golongan riddah, Syaidina Abu Bakar mula menghantar panglima-panglima perang Islam ke utara untuk memerangi Byzantine (Rom Timur) dan Empayar Parsi. Khalid Al-Walid berjaya menawan Iraq dalam hanya satu kempen ketenteraan. Beliau juga menempuh kejayaan dalam beberapa ekspedisi ke Syria. Menurut seorang orientalis Barat, kempen Saidina Abu Bakar hanyalah sebuah lanjutan daripada Perang Riddah. Hal ini jelas salah memandangkan kebanyakan golongan riddah terletak di selatan Semenanjung Arab dan bukannya di utara.

Pengumpulan Al QuranMenurut ahli sejarah Islam, selepas Perang Riddah ramai orang yang mahir menghafaz Al Quran terbunuh. Saidina Umar Al-Khatab (khalifah yang berikutnya) meminta Saidina Abu Bakar untuk mula menjalankan aktviti pengumpulan semula ayat-ayat Al Quran. Saidina Uthman Affan kemudiannya melengkapkan aktiviti pengumpulan Al Quran semasa beliau menjadi khalifah.

Kewafatan Saidina Abu Bakar As-SiddiqSaidina Abu Bakar wafat pada 23 Ogos 634 di Madinah iaitu dua tahun selepas menjadi khalifah. Ada dua pendapat mengenai sebab kematian Saidina Abu Bakar. Ada yang mengatakan disebabkan keracunan dan ada pula yang mengatakan Saidina Abu Bakar meninggal dunia secara biasa. Sebelum kewafatannya, Saidina Abu Bakar mengesa masyarakat menerima Saidina Umar Al-Khatab sebagai khalifah yang baru.

Saidina Abu Bakar dikebumikan di sebelah makam Nabi Muhammad s.a.w. di Masjid an-Nabawi yang terletak di Madinah.

Sumbangan Saidina Abu Bakar walaupun hanya memerintah selama dua tahun (632-634), tetapi beliau banyak menyumbang terhadap perkembangan Islam. Beliau berjaya menumpaskan golongan Riddah yang ada diantaranya murtad dan ada diantaranya mengaku sebagai nabi. Beliau juga mula mengumpulkan ayat-ayat Al Quran dan beliau juga berjaya meluaskan pengaruh Islam.

Aku Bukan Pencinta Wanita

Engkau-Kah Pencinta Wanita?

As-Salaa mu ‘Alaikum… Em, semalam semasa aku balik dari library, ketika sampai sahaja di rumah sewa kawanku. Aku terpandang dan terdengar sebuah klip video lagu ‘aku memang pencinta wanita… namun ku bukan buaya… aku memang pencinta wanita… yang lembut seperti dia… bla, bla, & bla lagi..’ huhu, aku pun terlayan lah sekali… em, yap sampai habis. Selepas je habis lagu tu, aku terus terbaring. Fikiran terus melawang memikirkan beberapa rangkap lagu tadi. Em, Setakat manakah kau mencintai wanita? Kalau difikir-fikirkan dan diteliti daripada klip video tu, aku confius sangat-sangat. Adakah wanita yang macam tu kau nak cintai bagai nak rak... kalau aku, rasanya kau patut rasa kasihan atau pun simpati, tapi bukan mencintai. Memang patut kita kasihankan wanita yang macam tu. Kerana, di samping si lelaki-lelaki yang memakai baju yang penuh bergaya... em, bergaya ker? Boleh la juga dikata bergaya, em, kira pakaian yang ok la... (compare dengan si wanitanya) si wanitanya pulak memakai pakaian yang aduhai... terkoyak sana dan sini. Terabak di bawah dan terlondeh di atas. Tu yang aku kasihan tu. Then, tayang sana, tayang sini... huhu, malu aku nak mencintai wanita sepertinya... Begitu murah harga badannya untuk ditayang dan dieksploitasi ke sana dan ke mari. Bagi aku, wanita macam tu sebenarnya dah tak ada harga dah. Senang sangat untuk tengok aurat-nya. Free jer kan… Then, aku terus termenung memikirkan… ‘macam sama je gambaran dengan wanita-wanita jahiliyyah ketika sebelum kedatangan Islam’. Yang mana menurut Imam Mujahid (dalam menafsirkan ayat ke-33 surah al-Ahzaab), “Suatu ketika dahulu, golongan wanita berjalan di hadapan lelaki (tanpa segan silu). Then, Imam Qatada pula berkata, “Suatu ketika dahulu, kaum wanita berjalan di hadapan lelaki dengan gaya yang menghairahkan. Huhu, menakutkan. Wanita sekarang semakin mencintai kejahilan (dalam ber-agama). Ingin kembali kepada dunia jahiliyyah. Mereka dah mula menolak kemurnian dan kesempurnaan. Mana tidaknya... di kala lelaki berpakaian elok-elok menutup seluruh badan dan tubuhnya, tiba-tiba si perempuannya berpakaian ‘pelik’. Pelik... kerana dibuka sana dan sini. Macam manusia sakai (purba), cuma berbeza pada textile tapi gaya (fesyen) tetap sama. Hanya ditutup pada sebahagian bahagian tubuh tertentu sahaja. Manakala sebahagian bahagian lain dibuka untuk tanyangan umum (U) dan tanpa sensor. Aku terus melawang dan berfikir, di kala zaman awal kedatangan Islam, Islam turut datang dengan syariat untuk menyelamatkan wanita di zaman jahiliyyah ketika itu. Di kala bayi-bayi perempuan yang baru lahir dibunuh sesuka hati (berdasarkan adat mereka), Islam datang menegah supaya jangan dibunuh bayi yang tiada dosa itu. (Boleh rujuk Surah at-Takwiir (81): 8-9). Dan di kala wanitanya dijadikan bahan pemuas nafsu semata-semata, Islam datang melindungi wanita dengan syariatnya yang syumul. Wanita bukan lagi simbol seks dan barangan eksploitasi mainan lelaki. Wanita dilindungi dengan pakaian yang baik-baik. Wanita dilindungi dengan jilbab dan kain tudung. Wanita dicintai dengan cara yang sebaik-baiknya. Wanita diberikan ilmu dan ruang untuk membina peribadi yang unggul. Wanita menjadi pembimbing (pengasuh) utama dalam membina dan melahirkan generasi manusia cemerlang dalam pelbagai bidang. (Rujuk Surah an-Nuur (24): 31, al-Ahzaab (33): 59), (al-Hujuuraat (49): 13), (at-Taubah (9): 71). Ia sungguh memperlihatkan kepada kita betapa hebatnya impact kedatangan Islam ke tanah arab pada masa itu. Daripada wanita yang dianggap tidak punya nilai, Islam datang menjadikan wanita aset insani (modal insanlah kiranya) yang sangat tinggi nilai dan martabatnya di dalam dunia yang sedang membina tamadun. Islam memperjuangkan hak kesamarataan tanpa mengira lelaki dan wanita, Islam mementingkan aspek taqwa dan keimanan. (Rujuk Surah al-Hujuuraat (49): 13) Namun, kini... apa dah jadi ni... para wanita dah lupa semua sejarah-sejarah tu ke? Atau tak ambil tahu langsung? Mereka lebih enak dibuai kejahilan dan nafsu buas bersama si lelaki sampah. Em... carilah lelaki yang baik-baik... Aduhai wanita, marilah bangkit semula dan berpegang kepada perundangan Islam yang sangat sempurna bagi tujuan membina peribadi–mu... peribadi seorang muslimah sejati. Bagi meraih keredhaan yang hakiki... keredhaan Ilahi. Jagailah dirimu... suatu aset yang amat tinggi nilainya. Jika engkau sendiri yang tidak menjaga dirimu dan tidak memperhiasi dirimu dengan akhlak Islami... siapakah lagi yang akan bertanggungjawab melindungi-mu dari segala ancaman buas nafsu duniawi yang hanya memperdayakan ini. Ingatlah, “Tiap-tiap yang berjiwa akan merasakan mati. Dan sesungguhnya pada hari kiamat sajalah disempurnakan pahalamu. Barangsiapa dijauhkan dari neraka dan dimasukkan ke dalam syurga, maka sungguh ia telah beruntung. Kehidupan dunia itu tidak lain hanyalah kesenangan yang memperdayakan.” (Ali Imran, (3): 185) Aduhai wanita, andainya dirimu habis ternoda… maka itu adalah silapmu sendiri kerana engkau yang alpa… Renungilah maksud ayat ini; “Maka janganlah kamu melunakkan (mengghairahkan) dalam berbicara sehingga berkeinginanlah orang yang ada penyakit dalam hatinya dan ucapkanlah perkataan yang baik” (al-Ahzaab (33): 32) “Hendaklah mereka mengulurkan jilbabnya (pakaian yang menutup aurat dengan baik) ke seluruh tubuh mereka." Yang demikian itu supaya mereka lebih mudah untuk dikenal (pembeza keimanan – muslimah), karena itu mereka tidak di-ganggu. Dan Allah adalah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang.” (al-Ahzaab (33): 59) Ayat ini menerangkan mesej yang sangat jelas kenapa hari ini terlalu banyaknya gejala buruk menimpa wanita. Maka... jelaslah di sini siapa sebenarnya ‘PENCINTA WANITA’ yang hakiki. Iaitulah ALLAH melalui syariatnya... Islam. Dan, kepadamu lelaki... bukan semudah yang disangka untuk memiliki wanita (bukan hanya dengan cinta), perlulah melalui perundangan yang sah. Bukan main tibai jer... Jika benar anda pencinta wanita, buktikan dengan etikanya. Em... wanita, jadilah wanita yang baik-baik... demi masa depan anda! “Wanita-wanita yang keji adalah untuk laki-laki yang keji, dan laki-laki yang keji adalah buat wanita-wanita yang keji (pula), dan wanita-wanita yang baik adalah untuk laki-laki yang baik dan laki-laki yang baik adalah untuk wanita-wanita yang baik (pula).” (Surah an-Nuur (24): 26) Allahu ‘alam... (habis sudah ku termenung...)

Allah itu Wujud

Renungkanlah......semoga mendapat iktibar...Satu Penjelasan Terbaik Kenapa Allah Memberi Kesakitan Dan Penderitaan Seperti Yg Telah Kita Lihat:Ada Seorang Lelaki Pergi Ke Kedai Gunting Rambut Utk Menggunting Rambut Dan Janggutnya. Apabila Barber Itu Memulakan Tugasnya, Mereka Pun Berborak Dan Bercakap Mengenai Byk Perkara.Tapi Bila Mereka Mula Berbicara Mengenai Allah,Barber Itu Pun Berkata,'' Saya Tak Percaya Allah Itu Wujud.''''Kenapa Kamu Kata Begitu?'' Tanya Si Lelaki Tadi.'' Cuba Kamu Keluar Di Tgh Jln Itu Dan Tunjukkan Pd Saya Bahawa Allah Itu Wujud. Kalau Betul Allah Wujud,Kenapa Ramai Sgt Org Sakit Kat Luar Tu?Kenapa Masih Ada Kanak2 Yg Terbiar? Kalau Betul Allah Wujud,Dah Tentu Tiada Kesakitan Dan Keperitan Hidup Dlm Dunia Ni. Saya X Dpt Bayangkan Allah Yg Maha Penyayang Boleh Membenarkan Semua Ini Berlaku''.Si Lelaki Itu Pun Berfikir Sejenak. Tapi Dia Tidak Memberi Sebarang Jawapan Kerana Tidak Mahu Memulakan Pertengkaran. Selepas Barber Itu Menghabiskan Tugasnya, Si Lelaki Tadi Pun Pergi.Selepas Beberapa Langkah,Si Lelaki Tadi Ternampak Seorg Lelaki Berambut Panjang,Selekeh,Kotor Dan Janggut Tidak Terurus. Si Lelaki Tadi Pun Berpatah Balik Dan Pergi Semula Ke Kedai Gunting Rambut Tadi Dan Berkata,'' Kamu Tahu Tak Yg Sbnrnye Barber Jgk Tidak Wujud?''''Kenapa Kamu Kata Mcm Tu? Sedangkan Saya Baru Saje Gunting Rambut Kamu Tadi''.Kata Barber.''Tidak!'' Kata Si Lelaki Tadi.''Kalau Barber Wujud, Dah Tentu Tidak Ada Org Yg Berambut Panjang Tidak Terurus Dan Kotor Serta Janggut Yg Panjang Dan Kotor Mcm Lelaki Di Tepi Jalan Itu''.''Ah!Barber Mmg Wujud! Lelaki Tu Jadi Mcm Tu Sbb Dia Tidak Dtg Pada Saya Utk Menggunting Rambutnye!''.Kata Barber.''Tepat Sekali!''. Kata Si Lelaki Tadi.''That's The Point!. Allah Jgk Wujud. Itulah Yg Terjadi(Keperitan&Penderitaan) Jika Manusia Tidak Mengingatinya Dan Kembali Padanya Utk Memohon Pertolongan.''